Set Up Apache on Mac Sierra 10.12

Here's the how-to guide to set up Apache on Mac Sierra 10.12.6. It's more involving than just serving up a http server from a local directory, which can be done with python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080 (for Python 2.7) or php -S <adddres>:<port> (for PHP 5.4).

Make a copy of the critical Apache configuration file first, before modifying it

sudo cp /etc/apache2/httpd.conf /etc/apache2/http.conf.bak

Uncomment several lines in the Apache configuration file http.conf

sudo vim /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

Enter into Edit Mode. To enable PHP, change

#LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/


LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/

Might as well enable Perl. Change

#LoadModule perl_module libexec/apache2/


LoadModule perl_module libexec/apache2/

To enable personal website, change

#LoadModule userdir_module libexec/apache2/


LoadModule userdir_module libexec/apache2/

and also

#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf


Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

Lastly, grant permission by changing

<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all none


<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all granted

Save the httpd.conf file and exit.

Open the file that was just enabled

sudo vim /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

Uncomment Line 16 by changing

#Include /private/etc/apache2/users/*.conf


Include /private/etc/apache2/users/*.conf

Mac's Lion and later versions no longer create a personal web site by default. To create one manually,

mkdir ~/Sites
echo "<html><body><h1>My Awesome Site Works!</h1></body></html>" > ~/Sites/index.html.en

Then create a user configuration file for Apache, first figure out what is your username:

sudo vim /etc/apache2/users/<your short user name>.conf

Copy and paste the following content into the new file

<Directory "/Users/<your user name>/Sites/">
    AddLanguage en .en
    AddHandler perl-script .pl
    PerlHandler ModPerl::Registry
    Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks ExecCGI
    AllowOverride None
    Require host localhost

To check if the Apache configuration is valid,

apachectl configtest

If the command returns Syntax OK then Apache is good to go.

Turn on the Apache httpd service

sudo launchctl load -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/org.apache.httpd.plist

In browser, open this


It should say:

It works!

Check if the user's Site directory is also open for business (xxx = your user name)


Create a PHP info file with

echo "<?php echo phpinfo(); ?>" > ~/Sites/info.php

Check this page to verify that PHP is running


Here's the result

Create a similar info file for Perl

echo "print \$ENV{MOD_PERL} . qq{\n};" >  ~/Sites/

Check this page to verify that Perl is running


Here's the result

That's it! To restart Apache with additional changes to the configuration

sudo apachectl graceful or sudo apachectl restart

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